Church Team #5
Show how Galileo's interpersonal and court politics have been misguided and unduly challenge the Church's authority.
For further depth, consider:
the relevance of the case of Ciampoli
the threat of a potential case of deeper heresy (now suppressed) concerning Galileo's alleged atomism and its implications for the doctrine of the Eucharist. [Consult with Instructor.]
- Discuss precedent cases of: Giordano Bruno (1600) and Paolo Foscarini (1616). Discuss the Church's exceptional support for Galileo on earlier occasions, in 1616 and 1624.
- Discuss the relationship between Galileo and Pope Urban VIII (formerly Maffeo Barberini). Show how (Copernicanism aside) Galileo failed Urban's trust, especially in revising the Dialogue. Be sure to discuss the relevance of Galileo's earlier work, The Assayer(!).
- Discuss the context of political challenges for the Catholic Church in Europe [events later known as the Thirty Years' War]. Note the role of Spanish Cardinal Borgia in Rome. For further depth, be aware of Urban's state of mind during this period (partly evident in events to follow).
For orientation and background, see:
*Sobel's Galileo's Daughter, Chap. 20
Blackwell's Behind the Scenes at Galileo’s Trial, Chap. 1
On Bruno, see:
Yates's Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition
Gatti's Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science
Blackwell (1991), Ch. 2
On Foscarini, see:
Fantoli's Galileo: For Copernicanism and the Church
Bellarmine's letter to Foscarini (also central to Team #4)
Blackwell (1991), Ch. 4
Santillana, chapter on "The Decree"
On Galileo and Barberini/Urban, see:
[essential] Heilbron's introduction to the Dialogue(!), and footnote to p.538.
[essential] Biagioli's Galileo: Courtier, esp. Chaps. 5-6
Sobel's Galileo's Daughter
Annibale Fantoli's Chap. 5 in McMullin's The Church and Galileo
Feldhay's Galileo and the Church
On Urban and the Thirty Years War, see
Sobel, Galileo's Daughter, pp. 223-226
Santillana, The Crime of Galileo, pp.204-214, 222, 229-231.
Biagioli, Galileo, Courtier, pp. 333- 340
general histories of Europe and accounts of Urban VIII's papacy
On Ciampoli, see:
Biagioli, Galileo, Courtier
Santillana, The Crime of Galileo
On atomism, see:
Redondi's Galileo: Heretic, esp. Chaps. 7 (pp.203-226), 8 (232-240, 258) and 9 (283-284, 301). Galileo's, The Assayer, in Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo, pp. 308-314.
Chaps. 4,8 in McMullin's The Church and Galileo
*Mariano Artigas, Rafael Martínez and William Shea, "New Light on the Galileo Affair?", inMcMullin's The Church and Galileo, pp. 213-233. Also available online (URL: www.unav.es/cryf/english/newlightongalileo.html)