The Trial of Galileo
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Galileo Team #4
Show how, according to Galileo, one may interpret scripture so as to reconcile it with Copernicanism (astronomical observations from Team 1 and concepts of motion from Team 2) (thereby suggesting that it should not be heretical).

  • Show that Galileo is a faithful servant of the Church. For more depth, profile the Church's support of astronomy and the defense of Galileo's ideas within the Church (esp. by Castelli and Campanella).
  • Profile the context and content of Galileo's letters to Benedetto Castelli, Piero Dini and later to the Grand Duchess Christina.


For background and commentary, see:
  • Ernan McMullin's Chap. 4 in McMullin's The Church and Galileo
  • Ernan McMullin's Chap. 8 in Machamer (1998)
  • Feldhay's Galileo and the Church, Chap. 2
  • Blackwell's Galileo, Bellarmine and the Bible, Chap. 3 and Appendix IX

    On Galileo's support of the Church, see:
  • On Galileo's support of the Church, see: Dava Sobel, Galileo's Daughter
  • O. Pedersen's chapter in Coyne et al's The Galileo Affair

  • On the Church's support of astronomy, see: Heilbron's The Sun in the Church.
  • On Campanella, see: Thomas Campanella, A Defense of Galileo Notre Dame, IN: Univ. of Notre Dame Press (1994); or The defense of Galileo of Thomas Campanella, Merrick, NY: Richwood Pub. (1976).
  • On Castelli, see: his 1615 Letter.

    On Galileo's letters (to Castelli, Dini and Christina), see:
  • Finnochiaro's The Galileo Affair, Stillman Drake's Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo, or Blackwell (1991), as well as many other places.