SHiPS Resource Center ||   Science Standards and National Reform Efforts

  Several national efforts in science education reform support the integration of historical, philosophical and social perspectives in science teaching. Some references are available online:
AAAS Project 2061
  • Science for All Americans -- complete text online
  • AAAS Benchmarks for Scientific Literacy -- complete text online

    National Research Council
  • National Science Education Standards -- online in HTML or PDF formats (consult their bar at left).

  •   SHiPS helps teachers share resources for integrating history, philosophy and sociology in the science classroom. E-mail us at for our quarterly news.